SIEM (Security Information and Event Management) monitoring is the ongoing process of collecting, analyzing, and responding to security-related data and events within an organization's IT environment. It involves the systematic examination of logs, network traffic, and system activities to identify anomalies, potential threats, and security incidents. SIEM tools correlate and contextualize this data to provide real-time insights, generate alerts, and facilitate in-depth investigations. SIEM monitoring helps security teams detect and respond to cybersecurity threats promptly, improving incident response capabilities and overall security posture. It also aids in compliance reporting, offering organizations a comprehensive view of their security landscape.